Essay about Absolutism vs. Constitutional Monarchy
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In the upcoming United States Presidential Election it is possible to see a woman become elected as President. This would be a first for the United States and also for most of the world. Throughout the world different types of governments have survived, faulted, or have been altered. Many of these governments came from early European countries. Two of the most popular types of governments to come from Europe are Constitutional Monarchy and Absolutism. Traces of Constitutional Monarchy and Absolutism are still seen today in different parts of the world. Constitutional Monarchy and Absolutism have its roots set in England and France respectively. Much of original regulations that have been put in place by these governments have…show more content…
Much of the English goods were imported from other countries as well. Beginning in the mid seventeenth century England went through many changes including moving to a commercial and urbanizing country. The first set of changes occurred as England began producing different types of goods. Originally England was making thick types of clothes that were made for the colder weathers. In the late seventeenth century lighter fabrics began to be created. As the change shifted in clothing construction, goods of other markets began taking over the industry. “A wide range of English products replaced imports on the English market and began to compete successfully abroad.” This shift to exporting goods instead of importing greatly improved England’s economy. These goods included sugar, glass, pottery, iron, ships, and different typed of mined goods. Instead of paying to import these goods, England began exporting goods and bringing in a huge amount of money to the English economy. As the economy began to boom, a change in the way society lived had also changed. Instead of living in large cities, citizens began moving outward in the urban areas further away. Although most of the urbanization movement can be contributed to the raise in population, there were also many other changes that were occurring. Stagecoaches began having more frequent routes to all of the major cities and also most of the smaller outlying cities.
Monarchy vs Democracy
Government’s history may not exactly be known but it is safe to say that government is as old as human society itself. At some point in the past ‘“ as the population grew in a particular area, there was pressure to have a system of laws that the society members had to follow since chaos would reign in a society if there is no governing body to set guidelines to its constituents. Public order and maintenance of security is vital to every society.
Larger populations would demand more complex set of rules and as society grows, governments also evolve. In different regions and in certain points of time, different types of government flourished. It should also be mentioned that government is constantly changing as history had shown.
Monarchy is a form of government which was very common during ancient and medieval times. Supreme power is bestowed on an individual and it can be absolute or nominal. The ‘head of state’ of a land with this kind of government often holds the title for life or until abdication. The leader, who is called a monarch, is wholly set apart from all other members of the state. The monarch typically makes all the law and decisions (legislative, judicial, and executive).
The above is in definite contrast to Democracy. Democracy is a type of government carried out by the nation’s people either, directly or indirectly. A rare subtype is ‘Direct Democracy’ but only feasible to a small area and with a small population. The common way of practicing this type of government is by giving the power to govern to elected representatives.
Democracy is based on a principle of equality and freedom. Equality defined in terms where all citizens are all equal before the law. Basically, positions and statuses do not matter; when one breaks the law, he or she is subject to sanctions. Monarchy is different in a way that higher officials – especially the monarch ‘“ are often not restricted by the law since they make the law themselves without further deliberation.
All citizens of a democratic nation are promised certain legitimized freedoms and liberties, which are generally protected by a constitution. Monarchy may also give this privilege but it all depends on the preferences and inclinations of the monarch.
However, monarchy of the new times is not defined in terms of unlimited political power anymore as it has evolved to a more citizen-friendly government. Now there are constitutional monarchies and this somehow blurred the lines between the principles of democracy and the defining roots of monarchy.
The common characteristic of monarchy is that rule is passed on through the next of kin ‘“ ‘Hereditary Rule’. This is in complete contempt to the principles of democracy where people’s choice is the governing code.
1. Monarchy is a form of government where a state is headed by a monarch while democracy is a government headed by elected representatives.
2. Power and position is passed through heritage and bloodline in Monarchy while democracy principally supports elections (people’s choice).
3. In monarchy, supreme power is given to an individual while in Democracy, the power to govern is directly or indirectly carried out by the people.
4. In Democracy, all is equal before the law while in Monarchy, the monarch is the law.
Ian. "Difference Between Monarchy and Democracy." DifferenceBetween.net. May 19, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/politics/difference-between-monarchy-and-democracy/ >.