Special Assignment Designation Nypd

The New York City Police Department (NYPD) is structured into numerous bureaus and units. As a whole, the NYPD is headed by the Police Commissioner, a civilian administrator appointed by the Mayor, with the senior sworn uniformed officer of the service titled "Chief of Department". The Police Commissioner appoints a number of Deputy and Assistant Commissioners. The Department is divided into twenty bureaus, six of which are enforcement bureaus. Each enforcement bureau is further sub-divided into sections, divisions, and units, and into patrol boroughs, precincts, and detective squads. Each Bureau is commanded by a Bureau Chief (such as the Chief of Patrol and the Chief of Housing). There are also a number of specialized units (such as the Technical Assistance Response Unit) that are not part of any of the Bureaus and report to the Chief of the Department.


The Department is headed by and under the control of a civilian Police Commissioner, who is appointed by the Mayor of New York City. The current Police Commissioner is James P. O'Neill.

The Department's executive staff is divided into two areas: civilian and uniformed. The civilian staff are responsible for support services and departmental management, while uniformed officers investigate crimes and conduct law enforcement operations.

  • The First Deputy Commissioner, who is the Department's second-in-command, oversees the civilian Deputy Commissioners and is the Department's chief administrative officer. The current First Deputy Commissioner is Benjamin B. Tucker.
  • The Chief of the Department supervises uniformed police commanders. The chief is the Department's highest ranking uniformed police officer and the lead official responsible for operations. The current chief is Terence Monahan.[1]

Office of the Police Commissioner[edit]

  • Commissioner
  • Chief of Staff
    • First Deputy Commissioner
      • Deputy Commissioner, Administration
      • Deputy Commissioner, Collaborative Policing
      • Deputy Commissioner, Intelligence & Counterterrorism
      • Deputy Commissioner, Internal Affairs
      • Deputy Commissioner, Management and Budget
      • Deputy Commissioner, Information Technology
      • Deputy Commissioner, Legal Matters
      • Deputy Commissioner, Department Advocate
      • Deputy Commissioner, Strategic Communications
      • Deputy Commissioner, Public Information
      • Deputy Commissioner, Trials
      • Deputy Commissioner, Equal Employment Opportunity
      • Deputy Commissioner, Labor Relations
      • Deputy Commissioner, Support Services

Office of the Chief of Department[edit]

  • Chief of Department
    • Chief, Community Affairs Bureau
    • Chief, Patrol Services Bureau
    • Chief, Crime Control Strategies
    • Chief, Transportation Bureau
    • Chief, Housing Bureau
    • Chief, Transit Bureau
    • Chief, Detective Bureau
    • Chief, Special Operations
    • Chief, Counterterrorism Bureau
    • Chief, Intelligence Bureau
    • Chief, Personnel Bureau
    • Chief, Strategic Initiatives
    • Chief, Training
    • Supervising Chief Surgeon


The following is the Department's hierarchy (with rank insignia): As of January, 2018:

  • Mayor of the City of New York - Bill de Blasio
  • Police Commissioner of the City of New York – James P. O'Neill
    • Chief of Staff – Raymond Spinella
  • First Deputy Commissioner – Benjamin B. Tucker
      • Commanding Officer of First Deputy Commissioner's Office Assistant Chief Mathew V. Pontillo
      • Deputy Commissioner, Administration – Robert L. Ganley
        • Commanding Officer of Ceremonial Unit - Lieutenant Tony Giorgio
        • Commanding Officer of Chaplains Unit - Lieutenant Steven A. Jerome
      • Deputy Commissioner, Collaborative Policing – Francesca A. Herman
      • Deputy Commissioner, Intelligence & Counterterrorism – John Miller
      • Deputy Commissioner, Internal Affairs – Joseph J. Reznick
      • Deputy Commissioner, Management and Budget – Vincent D. Grippo
      • Deputy Commissioner, Information Technology – Jessica S. Tisch
      • Deputy Commissioner, Legal Matters – Lawrence Byrne
      • Deputy Commissioner, Department Advocate – Kevin S. Richardson
      • Deputy Commissioner, Strategic Communications – William W. Andrews
      • Deputy Commissioner, Public Information – Stephen P. Davis
      • Deputy Commissioner, Trials – Rosemarie Maldonado
      • Deputy Commissioner, Equal Employment Opportunity – Neldra M. Zeigler
      • Deputy Commissioner, Labor Relations – John P. Beirne
      • Deputy Commissioner, Support Services Bureau – Robert S. Martinez
    • Chief of Department – Terence Monahan

Patrol Services Bureau[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Patrol Services – Bureau Chief Rodney Harrison
    • Executive Officer of Patrol Services - Assistant Chief Fausto Pichardo


The Patrol Services Bureau is one of the most visible units of the NYPD. The Bureau plans, directs, and coordinates the Department's uniformed officers in law enforcement patrol operations. Under the Chief of Patrol, there are eight Borough Commands, each headed by an Assistant Chief. While each of the boroughs has at least one Patrol Borough Command, the boroughs of Manhattan, Queens and Brooklyn have two commands due to their sizes. The Borough Commands exercise authority over the various seventy-seven Police Precincts.

Police precincts[edit]

Each patrol borough is composed of precincts. Each precinct is responsible for safety and law enforcement within a designated geographic area. Police units based in these precincts patrol and respond to emergencies.

Staten Island now has four precincts: the 120th, 121st (new as of 2013),[79] 122nd, and 123rd. There are plans to begin construction in 2014 on a new building for the 120th precinct.

Queens South began operating a satellite for the large 105th precinct in the southern part of the precinct next to the Rosedale LIRR station in July 2007.[80] This building was, until then, the quarters for the Queens South Task Force, the Queens South Auto-Larceny Unit, the Queens South Anti-Crime Unit, the Queens South Evidence Collection Team, and the Detective Bureau's Queens Major Case Squad. The New 116th precinct would be built on the site of the parking lot next door to the satellite.

Auxiliary Police[edit]

Main article: New York City Police Department Auxiliary Police

  • Commanding Officer of Auxiliary Police Section – Inspector Phylis S. Byrne

The NYPD has a reserve police force known as the Auxiliary Police. NYPD Auxiliary Police officers complete a training Academy designated by the NYS Municipal Police Training Council as "part time peace officer" training course. In accordance with New York State law Auxiliary Police Officers are equipped with Police batons. They also carry Police radios and in accordance with NYC administrative code they carry handcuffs. They assist the Police Department with uniformed patrols and provide crowd and vehicular control at special events, accidents, and fire scenes.

Special Operations Bureau[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Special Operations – Bureau Chief Harry Wedin

Emergency Service Unit[edit]

Main article: New York City Police Department Emergency Service Unit

  • Commanding Officer of Emergency Service Unit – Deputy Chief Vincent Giordano

The Emergency Service Unit,[81] a component of the Special Operations Bureau, provides specialized support and advanced equipment to other NYPD units.

Members of "ESU" are cross trained in multiple disciplines for police and rescue work. The ESU Canine Unit helps with searches for perpetrators and missing persons. The Emergency Service Unit also functions as a Special Weapons and Tactics Unit (SWAT) and NYPD hostage negotiators assist and secure the safety of hostages. The Emergency Services Unit works with other departments such as the FDNY with water rescues, suicide-jumpers, structural collapse rescues, and vehicle accidents. The ESU also has jet skis and numerous Zodiac inflatable rafts assigned to units throughout the precincts of NYC.

Aviation Unit[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Aviation Unit – Deputy Inspector James Coan

Founded in 1928, it claims the distinction of being the oldest police aviation unit in the world, but there is a competing claim from the London Metropolitan Police Service ("The Met"). Based in Brooklyn, the Aviation Unit responds to various emergencies and tasks, supporting other units of the N.Y.P.D. Among its capabilities are the deployment of divers for water rescues. From a standing start, the unit claims it can be anywhere in the five boroughs within 15 minutes, but this has been disputed and is dependent on weather conditions and air traffic congestion.[82]

Since 9/11 the department has undertaken a major overhaul of the Aviation Unit. Once equipped exclusively with Bell helicopters, it recently re-equipped its fleet with four Agusta A 119 Koala helicopters, and three Bell 412 helicopters. And more recently the department purchased four brand new Bell 429 helicopters, replacing the Agusta helicopters. The centerpiece is a $9.8 million "unmarked" helicopter, which can fly at night without lights. However, this function will require approval from the Federal Aviation Administration and local Air Traffic Control on a case-by-case basis, due to the hazards it could present in the heavily congested New York air corridors. The department has also purchased a state-of-the-art helicopter flight simulator, so officers can practice flying without actually having to take up a helicopter.[83] In 2011 the department said they had .50 caliber machine guns capable of shooting down light planes.[84]

Famed US cyclistMile-a-Minute Murphy claimed to be the first police officer able to fly a plane in the US (possibly the entire world) as of 1914 as a member of the NYPD. He envisioned the use of airplanes to fight crime around the same time, though the Aviation Unit came into being 11 years after Murphy retired.

Harbor Unit and Scuba Team[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Harbor Unit – Inspector David T. Driscoll

On March 15, 1858, five members of the New York City Police Department rowed out into New York Harbor to combat piracy aboard merchant ships lying at anchor. The NYPD Harbor Unit has existed ever since, protecting life and property. With hundreds of miles of inland waterways to cover, the unit operates over 36 boats from four bases.[85]

For underwater work, the department used to contract with private diving companies when weapons or other evidence had to be recovered from the bottom of New York's many rivers and waterways. In the early 1970s, however, the Harbor Unit formed a specialized scuba team that today numbers around 30 officers. Unlike many police dive units, whose members dive only part-time, NYPD divers are assigned to the unit full-time. (The exception are some scuba-trained officers in regular patrol units who are detailed to the team temporarily during the busy summer months.)[86] In addition to the normal duties of evidence recovery, the Scuba Team's mission has expanded since 9/11 to include a counter-terrorism role. For air-sea rescue work, the Harbor Unit keeps two divers assigned to the Aviation Unit 24 hours a day, seven days per week, all year round. These divers will work with their counterparts in the FDNY, who arrive at incidents by fireboat or rescue company.

Mounted Unit[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Mounted Unit – Deputy Inspector Barry M. Gelbman

The NYPD Mounted Unit was created in 1858 and is used today in the Patrol units. The unit has 80 uniformed officers and supervisors and approximately 75 horses.

Strategic Response Group[edit]

Commanding Officer of Strategic Response Group - Inspector John J. D'Adamo

The Strategic Response Groups are organized within each borough and specialize in rapid mobilization. The Strategic Response Group responds to citywide mobilizations, civil disorders and major events with equipment and trained teams. They maintain order by implementing effective crime and crowd control strategies.

The Strategic Response Group conducts daily counterterrorism deployments in conjunction with other Department units based upon current intelligence and threat assessments. They identify and suppress terrorist surveillance of targets through mobile deployment teams. They respond quickly and decisively to terrorist incidents or threats.

The Strategic Response Group can be deployed to precincts and zones to supplement patrol resources or other Department initiatives.

The Strategic Response Group is organized as follows:

  • SRG 1 Manhattan
  • SRG 2 Bronx
  • SRG 3 Brooklyn
  • SRG 4 Queens
  • SRG 5 Staten Island

Transit Bureau[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Transit – Bureau Chief Edward Delatorre

Further information: New York City Transit Police

The NYPD Transit Bureau is a part of the NYPD that patrols and responds to emergencies within the New York City transit system. Its responsibility includes the New York City Subway network in Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens. However, there are certain units that have citywide responsibilities such as the Homeless Outreach Unit and the Vandals Task Force.

The Transit Bureau is divided into Transit Borough Commands. These Borough Commands generally follow the boundaries of the City's geographical boroughs, although there are some notable exceptions. Since there are no subways on Staten Island, there are only four Transit Boroughs: Queens, Bronx, Brooklyn, and Manhattan. Each Transit Borough is further divided into Transit Districts.

As a general rule, each Borough is commanded by an Inspector while Transit Districts tend to be commanded by Captains. The NYPD Detective Bureau investigates all crimes that occur in Transit. Each borough office has assigned detectives from the Detective Bureau similar to the Precinct Detective Squad. As of June 15, 2006 all detectives assigned to investigate transit crimes fall under a unified command (Central Robbery Section) of the Detective Bureau's Special Investigations Division.

Housing Bureau[edit]

  • Commanding Officer of Housing – Bureau Chief James A. Secreto

Main article: New York City Police Department Housing Bureau

Further information: New York City Housing Authority Police Department

NYPD Mounted Unit officers patrol on horseback (New Year's Eve 2005/06)

"NYPD" and "New York City Cops" redirect here. For other uses, see NYPD (disambiguation).

Not to be confused with New York City Sheriff's Office or New York State Police.

City of New York Police Department
Common nameNew York City Police Department

Patch of the New York City Police Department

Badge of a New York City Police Department officer with the badge number 911.

Flag of the New York City Police Department

MottoFidelis ad mortem
(English: "Faithful Unto Death")
Agency overview
FormedMay 23, 1845; 172 years ago (1845-05-23)
Annual budget$5.6 billion (2018)
Legal personalityGovernmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction*City of New York City, U.S.
Map of City of New York Police Department's jurisdiction.
Size468.484 square miles (1,213.37 km2)
Legal jurisdictionNew York City
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters1 Police Plaza
Park Row
Lower Manhattan
(across the street from City Hall)
Police officers40,000 (2017)[2]
Police Commissioner responsibleJames P. O'Neill[3]
Agency executiveTerence Monahan[4], Chief of Department


  • Manhattan North
  • Manhattan South
  • Brooklyn North
  • Brooklyn South
  • Queens North
  • Queens South
  • Bronx
  • Staten Island
  • 77 Precincts
  • 12 Transit Districts
  • 9 Housing Police Service Areas
Police cars9,532[5]
Police boats11
  • 31 German Shepherds
  • 3 Bloodhounds
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The New York City Police Department (NYPD), officially the City of New York Police Department, is the largest police force in the United States.[6] Established on May 23, 1845, the agency has primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the five boroughs of New York City. The NYPD is one of the oldest police departments established in the U.S., tracing its roots back to the nineteenth century.

The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including the Emergency Service Unit, K9, harbor patrol, air support, bomb disposal, counter-terrorism, criminal intelligence, anti-gang, anti-organized crime, narcotics, public transportation, and public housing; the New York City Transit Police and New York City Housing Authority Police Department were fully integrated into the NYPD in 1995. According to the department, its mission is to "enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment." The department's regulations are compiled in title 38 of the New York City Rules.

In June 2004, there were about 45,000 sworn officers plus several thousand civilian employees; in June 2005, the number of officers dropped to 35,000. As of December 2011, that figure increased slightly to over 36,600, helped by the graduation of a class of 1,500 from the New York City Police Academy. The NYPD's current authorized uniformed strength is 40,000.[7] There are also approximately 4,500 Auxiliary Police Officers, 5,000 School Safety Agents, 2,300 Traffic Enforcement Agents, and 370 Traffic Enforcement Supervisors currently employed by the department. The Patrolmen's Benevolent Association of the City of New York (NYC PBA), the largest municipal police union in the United States, represents over 50,000 active and retired NYC police officers.

The NYPD Intelligence Division & Counter-Terrorism Bureau has officers stationed in 11 cities internationally.[8][9] In the 1990s the department developed a CompStat system of management which has also since been established in other cities.

The NYPD is headquartered at 1 Police Plaza, located on Park Row in Lower Manhattan across the street from City Hall.[10]

The NYPD has extensive crime scene investigation and laboratory resources, as well as units which assist with computer crime investigations. The NYPD runs a "Real Time Crime Center", essentially a large search engine and data warehouse operated by detectives to assist officers in the field with their investigations.[11] A Domain Awareness System, a joint project of Microsoft and the NYPD, links 6,000 closed-circuit television cameras, license plate readers, and other surveillance devices into an integrated system.[12]

Due to its high-profile location in the largest city and media center in the United States, fictionalized versions of the NYPD and its officers have frequently been portrayed in novels, radio, television, motion pictures, and video games.


Main article: History of the New York City Police Department

The Municipal Police were established in 1845, replacing an old night watch system. Mayor William Havemeyer shepherded the NYPD together, originating the phrase "New York's Finest."[13] In 1857, it was tumultuously replaced by a Metropolitan force, which consolidated many other local police departments in 1898. Twentieth-century trends included professionalization and struggles against corruption.

Rank structure[edit]

This section discusses ranks of the NYPD in general. The School Safety Division, Traffic Control Division, Auxiliary Police Section and Police Academy have their own rank and grade structures.

Officers begin service with the rank of Probationary Police Officer, also referred to as Recruit Officer. After successful completion of six months of Police Academy training and various academic, physical, and tactical tests, officers graduate from the Police Academy. While officially retaining the title of Probationary Police Officer, graduates are referred to as a Police Officer, or informally as a "Rookie", until they have completed an additional 18 months probationary period.

There are three career "tracks" in the NYPD: supervisory, investigative, and specialist. The supervisory track consists of 12 sworn titles, referred to as ranks. Promotion to the ranks of sergeant, lieutenant, and captain are made via competitive civil service examinations. Promotion to the ranks of deputy inspector, inspector, deputy chief, assistant chief, and chief are made at the discretion of the police commissioner, after successfully passing a series of civil service exams. Promotion from the rank of police officer to detective is determined by the current police labor contract, with the approval of the commissioner. The entry level appointment to detective is third grade or specialist. The commissioner may grant discretionary grades of first or second. These grades offer compensation roughly equivalent to that of supervisors. Specifically, a second grade detective's pay roughly corresponds to a sergeant's and a first grade detective's pay roughly corresponds to a lieutenant's. Detectives are police officers who have been given a more investigatory position but no official supervisory authority. A Detective First Grade still falls under the command of a sergeant or above. Just like detectives, sergeants and lieutenants can receive pay grade increases within their respective ranks.

TitleInsigniaBadge designBadge colorBadge numberUniform
Chief of Department
Medallion with eagle and star(s)Gold, with silver star(s)NoWhite shirt,
black peaked cap,
gold hat badge
Bureau Chief
Supervising Chief Surgeon
Bureau Chief Chaplain †
Assistant Chief
Assistant Chief Chaplain †
Assistant Chief Surgeon
Deputy Chief
Deputy Chief Chaplain †
District Surgeon
Chaplain †
Police Surgeon
Medallion with eagle
(Chaplains have faith insignia overlaid)
Deputy Inspector
Laurels and crown with oak leaves
Laurels and crown
Shield with eagleYesNavy blue shirt,
peaked cap,
gold hat badge
Detective (grades 3rd–1st)None
Police officerSilverYes,
matching hat badge
Navy blue shirt,
peaked cap,
silver hat badge with matching number
Probationary Police officer
Recruit officerYesSlate grey,
black garrison cap

^ †: Uniform rank that has no police powers

There are two basic types of detective in the NYPD: detective-investigators and detective-specialists.

Detective-Investigators are the type most people associate with the term "detective" and are the ones most frequently portrayed on television and in the movies. Most police officers gain their detective title by working in the Narcotics Division of the Detective Bureau. Detectives assigned to squads are co-located within each precinct and are responsible for investigating murders, rapes, robberies, burglaries and other crimes within that precinct's boundaries. Other detective-investigators are assigned to specialized units at either the major command or citywide level, investigating terrorist groups, organized crime, narcotics dealing, extortion, bias crimes, political corruption, kidnappings, major frauds or thefts committed against banks or museums, police corruption, contractor fraud and other complex, politically sensitive or high-profile cases. A squad of detective-investigators is also assigned to each of the city's five district attorneys' offices. (Arsons are investigated by The Arson and Explosion Squad as well as fire marshals, who are part of the New York City Fire Department.)

Promotion from Police Officer to Detective-Investigator is based on investigative experience. Typically, a Police Officer who is assigned to investigative work for 18 months will be designated "Detective-Investigator" and receive the gold shield and pay increase commensurate with that designation. In the recent past, however, there has been controversy over the budget-conscious department compelling police officers to work past the 18 months without receiving the new title.

Newly appointed detectives start at Detective Third Grade, which has a pay rate roughly between that of Police Officer and Sergeant. As they gain seniority and experience, they can be "promoted" to Detective Second-Grade, which has a pay grade slightly less than sergeants. Detective First-Grade is an elite designation for the department's most senior and experienced investigators and carries a pay grade slightly less than Lieutenants. All these promotions are discretionary on the part of the Commissioner and can be revoked if warranted. And while senior detectives can give directions to junior detectives in their own squads, not even the most senior detective can lawfully issue orders to even a junior patrol officer. All Detective grades still fall under the "chain of command" of the supervisory ranks beginning with Sergeant through Chief of Department. Detectives, like Police Officers, are eligible to take the promotional civil service exams for entry into the supervisory ranks.

While carrying with them increased pay and prestige, none of these Detective grades confer on the holder any supervisory authority. Contrary to some media portrayals, there is no specific rank of "Detective Sergeant" or "Detective Lieutenant". Lieutenants and Sergeants are assigned to oversee Detective squads as Supervisors, and are responsible for all investigations.

There is a small percentage of Lieutenants and Sergeants who work as Investigative Supervisors (approximately equal to 10% of their respective ranks) and are granted the prestigious pay grade designations of "Sergeant—Supervisor Detective Squad" (SDS), or Lieutenant—Commander Detective Squad (CDS) therefore assuming full Investigative command responsibility as opposed to operational supervision. Their pay grade rises to an approximate midpoint between their normal rank and the next highest rank's pay grade, and similar to a Detective's "grade", is also a discretionary promotion. This pay grade designation is achieved by assignment to Investigative units, i.e. Detective Bureau, Internal Affairs Bureau, Counter-Terrorism Bureau, and the Intelligence Bureau. Lieutenants and Sergeants in non-investigatory assignments can be designated Lieutenant-Special Assignment or Sergeant-Special Assignment, pay equivalent to their investigative counterparts.

"Detective-specialists" are a relatively new designation and one unique to the NYPD. In the 1980s, many detectives resented that some officers were being granted the rank of detective in order to give them increased pay and status, but were not being assigned to investigative duties. Examples included officers assigned as bodyguards and drivers to the mayor, police commissioner and other senior officials.

To remedy this situation, the rank of detective-specialist was created. These officers are typically found in specialized units because they possess a unique or esoteric skill the department needs, e.g., crime-scene tech, sharpshooter, bomb technician, scuba instructor, helicopter instructor, sketch artist, etc. Like detective-investigators, detective-specialists start at third-grade and can be promoted to second- or first-grade status.

The Department is administered and governed by the Police Commissioner, who is appointed by the Mayor. Technically, the commissioner serves a five-year term; as a practical matter, the commissioner serves at the Mayor's pleasure. The commissioner in turn appoints numerous deputy commissioners. The commissioner and his subordinate deputies are civilians under an oath of office and are not uniformed members of the force who are sworn officers of the law. However, a police commissioner who comes up from the uniformed ranks retains that status while serving as police commissioner. This has ramifications for their police pensions and the fact that any police commissioner who is considered sworn does not need a pistol permit to carry a firearm, and does retain the statutory powers of a police officer. Some police commissioners (like Ray Kelly) do carry a personal firearm, but they also have a full-time security detail from the Police Commissioner's (Detective) Squad.

A First Deputy Police Commissioner may have a security detail when he/she acts as commissioner or under other circumstances as approved by the police commissioner.

Commissioner titles:

These individuals are administrators who supersede the Chief of Department, and they usually specialize in areas of great importance to the Department, such as counterterrorism, support services, public information, legal matters, intelligence, and information technology. Despite their role, as civilian administrators of the Department, deputy commissioners are prohibited from taking operational control of a police situation (the Commissioner and the First Deputy Commissioner may take control of these situations, however).

Within the rank structure, there are also designations, known as "grades", that connote differences in duties, experience, and pay. However, supervisory functions are generally reserved for the rank of sergeant and above.

Badges in the New York City Police Department are referred to as "shields" (the traditional term), though not all badge designs are strictly shield-shaped. Every rank has a different badge design (with the exception of Police Officer and Probationary Police Officer), and upon change in rank officers receive a new badge. Lower-ranked police officers are identified by their shield numbers, and tax registry number. Lieutenants and above do not have shield numbers and are identified by tax registry number. All sworn members of the NYPD have their ID card photos taken against a red background. Civilian employees of the NYPD have their ID card photos taken against a blue background, signifying that they are not commissioned to carry a firearm. All ID cards have an expiration date.


Main article: Medals of the New York City Police Department

The NYPD presents medals to its members for meritorious service.

Organization and structure[edit]

Main article: Organization of the New York City Police Department

Office of the Chief of Department[edit]

The Chief of Department serves as the senior sworn member of the NYPD.[14]Terence Monahan is the 40th individual to hold the post, which prior to 1973 was known as the Chief of Operations and before that as Chief Inspector.[15]


The Department is divided into twenty bureaus,[16] which are typically commanded by a uniformed Bureau Chief (such as the Chief of Patrol and the Chief of Housing) or a civilian Deputy Commissioner (such as the Deputy Commissioner of Information Technology). The bureaus fit under four umbrellas: Patrol, Transit & Housing, Investigative, and Administrative. Bureaus are often subdivided into smaller divisions and units.

Patrol Services BureauChief of PatrolThe Patrol Services Bureau is the largest and most visible bureau in the NYPD, overseeing the majority of the department's uniformed officers on patrol.The bureau is divided into eight borough commands, which are further divided into 77 police precincts.
Special Operations BureauChief of Special OperationsThe Special Operations Bureau was created to enhance the department's coordinated response to major events and incidents that require specifically trained and equipped personnel.The bureau oversees the Emergency Service Unit, the Aviation Unit, the Harbor Unit, and the Mounted Unit. The bureau is also responsible for the Strategic Response Group and the Crisis Outreach and Support Unit.
Transit BureauChief of TransitThe Transit Bureau is responsible for the safety and security of the 5.6 million passengers who use the New York City subways each day. Members of the Transit Bureau patrol the subway's 25 lines, 472 stations, and nearly 250 miles of passenger rail line.The bureau comprises 12 transit districts, each located within or adjacent to the subway system, and overseen by three borough commands: Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Bronx/Queens. District personnel are supplemented by members of several specialized units within the Transit Bureau—including three borough Task Forces, Anti-Terrorism Unit, Citywide Vandals Task Force, Canine Unit, Special Projects Unit, and MetroCard Fraud Task Force.
Housing BureauChief of HousingThe Housing Bureau is responsible for the safety of nearly a half-million residents, employees, and visitors in the city's housing developments.The bureau is divided into nine police service areas, which each cover a collection of housing developments.
Transportation BureauChief of TransportationThe Transportation Bureau is responsible for the safety and security of motorists, passengers, pedestrians, and cyclists on the streets and highways throughout New York City and manages traffic control.The bureau oversees the Traffic Management Center, Highway District, Traffic Operations District, and Traffic Enforcement District, in addition to several units.
Counterterrorism BureauChief of CounterterrorismThe NYPD Counterterrorism Bureau (CT) is the city's primary local resource to guard against the threat of international and domestic terrorism in New York City.The bureau contains the Critical Response Command, Counterterrorism Division, Terrorism Threat Analysis Group, Lower Manhattan Security Initiative, and World Trade Center Command.
Crime Control Strategies BureauChief of Crime Control StrategiesThe Office of Crime Control Strategies analyzes and monitors trends across the city and develops strategies targeted to reducing crime, ensuring that these strategies are applied across all units of the NYPD.The bureau is divided into the CompStat Unit and Crime Analysis Unit.
Detective BureauChief of DetectivesThe Detective Bureau is responsible for the prevention, detection, and investigation of crime, and its work often complements the work of police officers assigned to the precincts.The bureau oversees the Borough Investigative Commands, Special Victims Division, Forensic Investigations Division, Special Investigations Division, Criminal Enterprise Division, Fugitive Enforcement Division, Real Time Crime Center, District Attorneys Squad, Grand Larceny Division, Gun Violence Suppression Division, and Vice Enforcement Division.
Intelligence BureauChief of IntelligenceThe mission of the NYPD Intelligence Bureau is to detect and disrupt criminal and terrorist activity through the use of intelligence-led policing.NYPD Intelligence operations are divided by functional responsibility: Intelligence Operations and Analysis Section (IOAS) and the Criminal Intelligence Section (CIS).
Internal Affairs BureauDeputy Commissioner of Internal AffairsThe Internal Affairs Bureau (IAB) detects, investigates, and brings to justice New York City police officers and civilians who engage in misconduct and corruption.N/A
AdministrationDeputy Commissioner of AdministrationThe Office of the Deputy Commissioner, Administration (DCA), was created in early 2014 and acts as the liaison to the department's fraternal, religious, and line organizations.DCA oversees the Employee Relations Section, the Chaplains Unit, and the Ceremonial Unit.
Collaborative PolicingDeputy Commissioner of Collaborative PolicingThe Office of the Deputy Commissioner, Collaborative Policing (DCCP), partners with other city agencies, non-profits, community-based organizations, the faith-based community, and other New York City stakeholders on a wide variety of public-safety initiatives.N/A
Community Affairs BureauChief of Community AffairsThe Community Affairs Bureau (CAB) partners with community leaders, civic organizations, block associations, and concerned citizens to educate them on police policies and practices.The Community Affairs Bureau oversees four divisions: Community Outreach Division, Crime Prevention Division, Juvenile Justice Division, and School Safety Division.
Information Technology BureauDeputy Commissioner of Information TechnologyThe Information Technology Bureau (ITB) develops and implements technology to support strategies, programs and procedures that promote safety, efficiency, and effectiveness.ITB has six divisions: Administration, Fiscal Affairs, Strategic Technology, IT Services Division, Life-Safety Systems, and the Communications Division.
Legal MattersDeputy Commissioner of Legal MattersThe NYPD Legal Bureau provides assistance to law enforcement personnel regarding department legal matters. The Legal Bureau also has a memorandum of understanding with the Manhattan DA to selectively prosecute New York City Criminal Court summons court cases.[17][18]The bureau comprises the Civil Enforcement Unit, Criminal Section, Civil Section, Legislative Affairs Unit, Document Production/FOIL, and the Police Action Litigation Section (PALS).
PersonnelChief of PersonnelThe Personnel Bureau is responsible for the recruitment and selection of personnel and for managing the human resource functions of the NYPD.The bureau oversees the Candidate Assessment Division, Career Enhancement Division, Employee Management Division, Personnel Orders Section, and Staff Services Section.
Public InformationDeputy Commissioner of Public InformationThe Office of the Deputy Commissioner, Public Information (DCPI), works with local, national, and international media organizations to provide information to the public.N/A
Risk ManagementAssistant Chief, Risk ManagementThe Risk Management Bureau measures the performance of police officers and identifies officers who might be in need of enhanced training or supervision.N/A
Support Services BureauDeputy Commissioner of Support ServicesWhile the bureau handles a wide range of equipment and storage-related functions, the bulk of its operations center on the NYPD's vehicle fleet and its evidence warehouses.The Support Services Bureau oversees the Fleet Services Division, Property Clerk Division, Central Records Division, and the Printing Section.
Training BureauChief of TrainingThe NYPD Training Bureau provides recruits, uniformed officers, and civilians with academic, tactical, and technological information.The Training Bureau's training section includes: Recruit Training Section, Physical Training and Tactics Department, Tactical Training Unit, Firearms and Tactics Section, COBRA Training, In-Service Tactical Training Unit, Driver Education and Training Unit, Computer Training Unit, Civilian Training Program, School Safety Training Unit, Instructor Development Unit, Criminal Investigation Course, Leadership Development Section, and Citizens Police Academy.


Main article: List of New York City Police Department officers

Crime prevention[edit]

Domain Awareness System[edit]

In August 2008, the Lower Manhattan Security Initiative in a partnership between the New York City Police Department and Microsoft began the Domain Awareness System to monitor New York City.[19] The program allowed the department to track surveillance targets and gain detailed information about them. The system is connected to 6,000[20]video cameras around New York City as well as check radiological and nuclear detectors onboard helicopters, trucks and boats as well as detectors on police officers' gun belts that were so sensitive that people who have had medical procedures may trigger them. Lower Manhattan now includes thousands of surveillance cameras that can identify shapes and sizes of unidentified "suspicious" packages and can track people within seconds using descriptions such as "someone wearing a red shirt". In 2009, an extension into Midtown Manhattan was announced[21] and by 2012 the program was fully implemented.

The system was also licensed out to other cities with New York City getting 30% of the profits.[22] The system's development costs were estimated at US$40 million.[23]

This system was highlighted in a May 2013 episode of PBS' Nova on tracking the Boston Marathon Bombers.[24]


As of the end of 2010, 53% of the entire 34,526-member police force were white and 47% were members of minority groups. Of 22,199 officers on patrol, 53% (11,717) were black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American, and 47% (10,482) were non-Hispanic white. Of 5,177 detectives, 57% (2,953) were white and 43% (2,225) were people of color. Of 4,639 sergeants, 61% (2,841) were white and 39% (1,798) were minorities. Of 1,742 lieutenants, 76% (1,323) were white and 24% (419) were people of color. Of 432 captains, 82% (356) were white and 18% (76) were minorities. Of 10 chiefs, 7 were white and 3 were people of color. In 2002, whites accounted for 60% of members in the rank of police officer. Between 2002 and 2010, the number of minorities in top-tier positions in the force increased by about 4.5%.[25]

Corruption and misconduct[edit]

Main article: New York City Police Department corruption and misconduct

The Civilian Complaint Review Board is an all-civilian, 13-member panel tasked with investigating misconduct or lesser abuse accusations against NYPD officers, including use of excessive force, abuse of authority, discourtesy and offensive language. Complaints against officers may be filed online, by U.S. mail, by phone or in person at any NYPD station.[26]


The NYPD is affiliated with the New York City Police Foundation and the New York City Police Museum. It also runs a Youth Police academy to provide positive interaction with police officers and to educate young people about the challenges and responsibility of police work. The department also provides a citizen Police Academy which educates the public on basic law and policing procedures.

Line of duty deaths[edit]

According to the Officer Down Memorial Page, the NYPD has lost 896 officers in the line of duty since 1849, the most recent officer having been on January 13, 2018. This figure includes officers from agencies that were later absorbed by or became a part of the modern NYPD in addition to the NYPD itself. This number also includes officers killed on and off duty by gunfire of other officers on duty. The NYPD lost 23 officers in the September 11, 2001 attacks, not including another 129 who died of illnesses related to the attacks.[27]

9/11-related illness129
Aircraft accident7
Animal related19
Automobile accident51
Bicycle accident4
Boating accident5
Duty-related illness9
Exposure to toxins3
Gunfire (accidental)26
Heart attack49
Motorcycle accident36
Struck by streetcar7
Struck by train4
Struck by vehicle40
Structure collapse3
Terrorist attack24
Vehicle pursuit12
Vehicular assault21


Mounted Police Squad on Parade circa 1910
NYPD officers from the Emergency Service Unit (ESU) in June 2009.
A lieutenant (white shirt) debriefing officers at Times Square in May 2010.
A NYPD motorcycle police officer speaks with a passerby in 2008.

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